This is an imaging system most commonly used in oncology - it is efficient in finding tumors, determining their stage, and assessing the response to treatments.
The system can also be used effectively in diagnostics related to epilepsy, neurological disease, and assessment after Heart attack. With three-dimensional imaging, the system makes it easy to determine the spread of the disease, the number of viable tissue in the area, and diagnose the condition in an early stage.
The test is performed in several stages:
Submission of documents - discharge summaries, test results, contact information (telephone number and address), and 8A form.
- preparation and requirements:
Exact weight; creatinine and blood sugar evaluation -- taken within 1-2 days; results from previous exams and discharge summaries. In case you are claustrophobic, you can take a light sedative before the procedure as long as you inform the physician in advance. You will be lying without moving for 20 minutes straight; you will require two bottles of water 0.500 milliliters each. If you are taking medication, all of it should be taken before the procedure. Corticosteroids and interferon should not be used one week prior to the examination. Alcohol, caffeine, and cigarettes should not be consumed at least 24 hours before the examination. You should be on a low-carbohydrate diet, and you should not eat any meals at least 6 hours before the procedure. You should reside in a warm place before the treatment, and you should be wearing easy to undress clothes without any metal components on them. A catheter or a diaper can be used in case you have issues with urination. You can have a companion with you in case you need one. Women should undertake the procedure in the first 10 days after menstruation. PET-CT is not to be performed on pregnant women. Women who are breastfeeding should stop for at least 24 hours prior to the treatment. If you are taking insulin, you should have breakfast at 7, after taking the insulin, and the examination will be performed 10 hours after that.
- conducting the PCT-CT:
The appointment is scheduled for the group -- the patients are divided into 2-3 groups with 5-6 people in each group. Everyone gets registered and each patient gets an IV inserted. Everyone gets called out individually, in order of physical state and weight, and the patients are injected with a radiopharmaceutical which then accumulates for the next 45 to 90 minutes. The scanning procedure takes about 15-20 minutes.
- After the examination:
The radioactive substance will be discarded from your body within 12 hours. You should not approach pregnant women and small children within that time frame. There are no side-effects for the patients themselves. The results can be delivered by a courier, both on paper and a CD. For an additional cost, you can also receive a colored image.
This is an advanced radiosurgery system that is most commonly used in manipulating multiple tumors or tumors that cannot be operated on surgically. The precision of the CyberKnife is within the millimeter range; therefore, the chance of negatively affecting the healthy tissue surrounding the tumor is minimal. The six-level, multi-joint, automatic shoulder of the machines ensure precision in radion spread during the procedure. The machine monitors the patients breathing patterns and takes them into account in order to track accurately the tumor’s motions. This system accurately delivers radiation outside the body from more than 1200 different angles without causing any pain or discomfort. The patient is free to perform movements during the procedure, the risk of complications after the procedure is minimal, and the recovery period is short. The treatment can be performed in 2-5 small doses of exposure spread through several consecutive days.
There are six essential steps involved in the treatment:
The face mask is painless, unlike the head frame, and the markers cause minimal discomfort
The digital mammography device with tomosynthesis supports both two and three-dimensional imaging with excellent quality. The procedure allows for early diagnosis of breast cancer without exposing the patient to high doses of radiation. The effective scanning is done by assembling a series of thin-layered digital images into a detailed, three-dimensional digital image. This allows accurate diagnosis.
This device is a robotized surgical system which allows complicated operations to be performed with small incisions. The operation is performed by the surgeon through the robot. The machine performs the actions of the surgeon with complete accuracy with micro-instruments. Operations can even be performed remotely. The device produces a high-resolution three-dimensional image magnified tenfold; this makes even the most complex procedures simpler to perform. The robot is most commonly used in urology. It can also be successfully utilized in cardiovascular surgery, gynecology, otorhinolaryngology, and in general surgery. The device can maneuver in an articulation of 180 degrees and a rotation of 540 degrees.
This device comprises three different types of tactics of radiotherapy -- IGRT, IMRT, and SRT/SRC. It allows the delivery of high doses of radiation to tumors that are small in size. Thus, the surrounding tissue is not affected by the treatment. The entire procedure takes about 4 minutes.
МMagnetic resonance imaging devices are among the most valuable diagnosis technologies in medicine. The full diagnosis procedure is performed in 45 minutes, and small, suspicious masses can be detected in the early stages of the disease before any symptoms have appeared. This procedure does not expose the patient to radiation, nor does it require the injection of intravenous contrast matter. The device can display images during brain surgery; thus, allowing the doctor to perform sterile procedures without having to wake the patient or close the operation area.